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The Latest Endometriosis Discovery Takes Us A Step Closer To Discovering The Cure

1 in 10 women suffer from endometriosis. Worrying right?

If endometriosis affects your life,
You know you would try everything to manage the symptoms. What’s the worst part about this condition? It has no cure?.

This debilitating condition was highly researched in 2018,
But scientists found few about its causes. Some of them claim that mutations in macrophages could be a cause for endometriosis. To come up with this conclusion,
Researchers from the Warwick and Edinburgh Universities tested on mice and,
Found that a new treatment can target altered cells and improve the disorder.

Endometriosis is the condition in which tissue from, inside the uterus grows and develops lesions outside it.
Sometimes, women suffering from this condition are infertile.

It’s stated that 1 in 10 women have this condition,
But the researcher Merli Saare thinks no one can know,
How many women have it because it’s difficult to diagnose it. A simple blood sample doesn’t help doctors identify the condition. At present specialists diagnose it surgically.

By using a laparoscopic procedure, the doctors remove lesions from the abdominal cavity and test them to confirm the disease. Often, removing the lesions relieves the symptoms,
But doesn’t cure the condition, which often recurs.

Research is highly needed in the domain to help women deal with this painful condition. Until now this is what we know.

Immune cell discovery can help improve endometriosis symptoms

We noted earlier in this article that white cells could play a role in causing endometriosis. The scientists from the Greaves lab, now part of Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick, along with collaborators at the University of Edinburgh found out that cells in the human immune system can influence the growth and activity of nerve cells in this disorder.

The Medical Research Council-funded this research because around 180 million women worldwide need a treatment for this condition, the excruciating pains affecting their daily lives.

Macrophages adapt their function according to the signals they receive from a certain area, so this disorder can modify them. The scientists have used cell culture from modified macrophages to observe how they evolve. It looks like they register an increased production of the insulin-like growth factor also known as IGF-1.

Women without the condition have lower levels of the same factor. This is the first time a study connects macrophages to endometriosis, but it can help researchers find a non-hormonal treatment because nowadays women rely heavily on hormonal solutions to fight the symptoms.

The Latest Endometriosis Discovery Takes Us A Step Closer To Discovering The Cure
What are other endometriosis findings

Until a cure is identified, scientists try to find pain management alternatives. At present, women have access to over-the-counter pain medications, hormone therapies, and surgery.

Women with moderate to severe pains can use oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist to deal with their pain.

They put their bodies into a state similar to artificial menopause, so it prevents them from getting pregnant. Other side effects include hot flashes, loss of bone intensity and vaginal dryness.
Surgery is one of the most effective treatments for this condition because it removes endometrial lesions and it stops symptoms.

A 2018 study involving 4000 people concluded that laparoscopic excision surgery can treat pelvic pain and bowel-related symptoms to endometriosis.
Scientists from the Netherlands run a clinical trial to find ways to improve surgery’s success.

Now, surgeries don’t remove lesions completely, so symptoms often come back.
The Latest Endometriosis Discovery Takes Us A Step Closer To Discovering The Cure

Non-hormonal treatment for endometriosis is a step closer

As stated above, endometriosis lesions contain a high number of macrophages and the disease environment creates signals that influence the function of the immune cells.

By reprogramming these cells women can treat this condition without having to use hormonal treatment.

Scientists had to dive into the complex study to find out how to transform or replace uterine cells. More research is required on the subject but it can be a solution for the women who don’t want to experience the side effects hormonal treatment has.

Because the main cause of endometriosis is still unknown, researchers have started to ask if genes have nothing to do with the condition.
Some studies have pointed out that the suppression of specific genes can play a major part.

This treatment is at the moment effective only on mice, but the study shows records big reductions in lesions after mice were injected with Let-7b.

Before testing the treatment on human patients, extensive research is required.
Endometriosis is treatable.

Ekster EU

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