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The Haldex All-Wheel Drive System: Everything You Need to Know

The Haldex All-Wheel Drive System: Everything You Need to Know

Haldex is the standard intelligent all-wheel-drive system found on a variety of Volkswagen Automotive Group models but is most associated with current-generation cars using VW’s MQB platform. 

The current, fifth-generation Haldex system is designed to be the least complex yet, featuring the fewest number of components to make maintenance as simple as possible.

A simple Haldex system consists of a hydraulic pump, a clutch, and an electronic valve.

This diagram from Haldex Repairs shows it pretty simply:

The Haldex All-Wheel Drive System: Everything You Need to Know

The early Haldex units purely reacted to the front wheels slipping – the difference in speeds between front and rear activated a pump to engage the rear-drive. 

Later generations were able to anticipate when more power needed redirecting to the rears, whilst the latest 5th generation of Haldex unit continually sends 10-15% of power to the rear wheels, plus more when is needed.

The Haldex All-Wheel Drive System: Everything You Need to Know

The Haldex All-Wheel Drive System: Everything You Need to Know
The Haldex All-Wheel Drive System: Everything You Need to Know

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Haldex all-wheel, Quattro, and 4motion drives are commonly found in AWD vehicles from,

  • Ford
  • Volkswagen
  • Audi
  • Seat
  • Skoda
  • Vauxhall
  • Land Rover
  • Volvo, and many more.

The units were widely adopted by manufacturers because they are less bulky than Transfer Boxes and consume far less fuel than traditional four-wheel-drive systems when driving normally along roads and motorways because the rear shafts aren’t spinning.

No matter which type of Haldex unit your vehicle has or where it is located, it will still need regular oil and filter changes, just like your engine does. 

Also, you may need to change it more frequently, from every 20,000 miles. 

In addition, the pump is prone to failure on high mileage vehicles so it’s reassuring to get it looked at by an expert mechanic during service.

A Haldex unit is a complicated piece of engineering with very fine tolerances so regular maintenance is vital to keep it in working order. 

If the Haldex fluid is dirty it can damage components and affect performance. 

Dirty fluid can also cause the coupling to overheat and the clutches to burn out. 

In severe cases, it can also burn out the Haldex Pump leading to loss of rear-drive and failure of the whole unit.

Another point to note about Haldex systems is that the fluid inside them is not a lubricating oil like you’d find in your engine or transmission. 

The fluid is a very special product that actually promotes friction between the clutch plates. 

Because of this, over time particles will start to build up in the oil, which is why a regular service of both the oil and filter is vital. 

In modern units with an oil strainer instead of a filter, this will still need cleaning during the service.

Volkswagen/Audi Vehicles that Use the Haldex System:

  • Audi
    • A3 8V 2014-PRESENT 1.8 TFSI
    • A3 8V 2014-PRESENT 2.0 TFSI
    • S3 8V 2015-Current 2.0T
    • TT MK3 2016-Current 2.0T
    • TTS MK3 2016-Current 2.0T
    • MK2 TTRS 2009-2014 2.5T
    • RS3 2017-Current 2.5 Turbo
  • Volkswagen
    • 2018-Current Tiguan MQB 2.0L Turbo
    • Atlas 2018 – Current 2.0t
    • Atlas 2018 – Current 3.6L VR6
    • MK7
      • Golf Alltrack 2017-Present 1.8 Turbo
      • MK7 Golf R 2015-2017 2.0 Turbo
      • MK7 Golf Wagon 2015-Present 1.8T TSI
    • MK7.5 Facelift Golf-R 2018-Present 2.0L Turbo

Common Problems with Generation 5 Haldex AWD Systems:

  • 131599 – All Wheel Drive Clutch – U0114 00 [009] – No Communication (typically ECU fault)
  • 131599 – Control Module for All Wheel Drive Clutch – C1113 07 Intermittent error (typically ECU fault)
  • 16670 – All-Wheel Drive – C1113 07 [008] – Mechanical Failure (typically pump type fault)
  • 16671 – Pump for Haldex Clutch – C1112 04 [008] Internal System Fault (typically pump type fault)
  • 16671 – Haldex clutch pump Faulty – C1112 04 passive/sporadic (typically pump type fault)
  • 16668 – Pump for Haldex Clutch C1112 07 [008] – Mechanical Failure Intermittent (typically pump type fault)
  • C111307 – Mechanical Malfunction – Passive / Sporadic (typically blocked pump, clean out and relearn)

(from Haldex UK)


German & European Manufacturer Models With AWD


Audi Quattro Models

1983-1985 Audi GT Coupe Quattro1997-2020 Audi A8 Quattro2020 Audi S8 Quattro
1984-1987 Audi 4000 Quattro2000-2002 Audi S4 Quattro2008-2012 Audi R8 Quattro
1986-1988 Audi 5000 Quattro2004-2008 Audi A3 Quattro2014-2015 Audi R8 Quattro
1990-1995 Audi 90 Quattro2010-2016 Audi S4 Quattro2017-2018 Audi R8 Quattro
1990-1994 Audi 100 Quattro2018-2020 Audi A4 Quattro2020 Audi R8 Quattro
1989-1991 Audi 200 Quattro2008-2020 Audi S5 Quattro2007-2008 Audi RS4 Quattro
1990-1994 Audi V8 Quattro2001-2003 Audi S6 Quattro2013-2020 Audi RS5 Quattro
1990-1991 Audi 90 Coupe Quattro2007-2011 Audi S6 Quattro2003-2004 Audi RS6 Quattro
1992-1995 Audi S4/S6 Quattro2013-2018 Audi S6 Quattro2014-2018 Audi RS7 Quattro
1996-2020 Audi A4 Quattro2020 Audi S6 Quattro2009-2020 Audi Q5 Quattro
2008-2020 Audi A5 Quattro2013-2020 Audi S7 Quattro2014-2020 Audi SQ5 Quattro
1997-2020 Audi A6 Quattro2001-2003 Audi S8 Quattro2007-2020 Audi Q7 Quattro
2001-2005 Audi Allroad Quattro2007-2009 Audi S8 Quattro2019-2020 Audi Q8 Quattro
2012-2020 Audi A7 Quattro2013-2018 Audi S8 Quattro2019-2020 Audi e-tron Quattro

Audi Quattro Models with Haldex

2001-2020 Audi TT Quattro2018-2020 Audi TT RS2015-2020 Audi S3 Quattro
2009-2020 Audi TTS2006-2009 Audi A3 3.2 Quattro2017-2020 Audi RS3 Quattro
2012-2013 Audi TT RS2009-2013 Audi A3 2.0t Quattro2015-2020 Audi Q3 Quattro

Volkswagen 4MOTION Models

2000-2005 Volkswagen B5/B5.5 Passat GLS/GLX V6 4MOTION2004 Volkswagen Mk4 Golf R322017-2019 Volkswagen Mk7/Mk7.5 Golf Alltrack 4MOTION
2004-2005 Volkswagen B5/B5.5 Passat GLS 1.8t 4MOTION2008 Volkswagen Mk5 Golf R322019-2020 Volkswagen Arteon 2.0t 4MOTION
2002-2004 Volkswagen B5.5 Passat W-8 4MOTION2012-2013 Volkswagen Mk6 Golf R2008-2020 Volkswagen Tiguan 4MOTION
2006-2008 Volkswagen B6 Passat 3.6 VR6 4MOTION2015-2020 Volkswagen Mk7/Mk7.5 Golf R2004-2017 Volkswagen Touareg 4MOTION
2009-2016 Volkwagen CC 3.6 VR6 4MOTION2017-2020 Volkswagen Mk7/Mk7.5 Golf SportWagen 4MOTION

Volvo AWD Models

2002-2007 Volvo V70 AWD2004-2007 Volvo S60 R AWD2017-2020 Volvo S90 AWD
2004-2007 Volvo V70 R AWD2013-2016 Volvo S60 AWD2009-2020 Volvo XC60
2005-2010 Volvo S40 AWD2015-2020 Volvo V60 AWD2003-2016 Volvo XC70
2002-2009 Volvo S60 AWD2004-2016 Volvo S80 AWD2003-2020 Volvo XC90

MINI Cooper All4 Models

2011-2020 MINI Cooper Countryman S All4 AWD2018-2020 MINI Cooper Countryman S E All4 AWD2017-2020 MINI Cooper Clubman John Cooper Works All4 AWD
2013-2016 MINI Cooper Countryman John Cooper Works All4 AWD2017-2020 MINI Cooper Clubman All4 AWD2013-2016 MINI Cooper Paceman S All4 AWD
2017-2020 MINI Cooper Countryman All4 AWD2017-2020 MINI Cooper Clubman S All4 AWD2013-2016 MINI Cooper Paceman John Cooper Works All4 AWD
2018 MINI Cooper Countryman John Cooper Works All4 AWD

Porsche Traction Management AWD Models

2003-2006 Porsche Cayenne S AWD2016-2018 Porsche Cayenne Turbo S AWD2020 Porsche Panamera AWD
2003-2006 Porsche Cayenne Turbo AWD2020 Porsche Cayenne E-Hybrid AWD2017-2020 Porsche Panamera E-Hybrid 4
2004-2006 Porsche Cayenne AWD2015-2020 Porsche Macan S AWD2018-2020 Porsche Panamera Turbo S
2006 Porsche Cayenne Turbo S AWD2015-2018 Porsche Macan Turbo AWD2007-2013 Porsche 997 911 Turbo
2008-2014 Porsche Cayenne AWD2017-2020 Porsche Macan AWD2009-2012 Porsche 997 911 Carrera 4
2008-2020 Porsche Cayenne S AWD2017-2018 Porsche Macan GTS AWD2009-2012 Porsche 997 911 Carrera 4S
2008-2010 Porsche Cayenne GTS AWD2020 Porsche Macan GTS AWD2013-2019 Porsche 991 911 Carrera 4
2008-2020 Porsche Cayenne Turbo AWD2020 Porsche Macan Turbo AWD2013-2019 Porsche 991 911 Carrera 4S
2009-2010 Porsche Cayenne Turbo S AWD2010-2020 Porsche Panamera 4S2014-2019 Porsche 991 911 Turbo
2013-20 Porsche Cayenne Diesel AWD2010-2020 Porsche Panamera Turbo2014-2019 Porsche 991 911 Turbo S
2013-2014 Porsche Cayenne GTS AWD2011-2020 Porsche Panamera 42015-2017 Porsche 991 911 GTS AWD
2013-2014 Porsche Cayenne Turbo S AWD2012-2016 Porsche Panamera Turbo S2020 Porsche 992 911 Carrera 4
2016-2020 Porsche Cayenne AWD2013-2016 Porsche Panamera GTS2020 Porsche 992 911 Carrera 4S
2016-2018 Porsche Cayenne GTS AWD2019-2020 Porsche Panamera GTS2020 Porsche 992 911 Turbo S

BMW xDrive AWD Models

2001-2006 BMW 325xi AWD2008 BMW 535xi AWD2020 BMW M840i xDrive AWD
2001-2006 BMW 330xi AWD2009-2010 BMW 528i xDrive AWD2012-2020 BMW X1 xDrive28i AWD
2007-2008 BMW 328xi AWD2009-2016 BMW 535i xDrive AWD2013-2015 BMW X1 xDrive35i AWD
2007-2008 BMW 335xi AWD2011-2016 BMW 550i xDrive AWD2018-2020 BMW X2 xDrive28i AWD
2009-2016 BMW 328i xDrive AWD2012-2016 BMW 528i xDrive AWD2019-2020 BMW X2 M35i AWD
2009-2015 BMW 335i xDrive AWD2015-2016 BMW 535d xDrive AWD2004-2014 BMW X3 AWD
2013-2018 BMW 320i xDrive AWD2017-2020 BMW 530i xDrive AWD2015-2017 BMW X3 xDrive28i AWD
2014-2018 BMW 328d xDrive AWD2017-2020 BMW 540i xDrive AWD2015-2017 BMW X3 xDrive28d AWD
2016-2018 BMW 340i xDrive AWD2018-2020 BMW 530e xDrive AWD2015-2017 BMW X3 xDrive35i AWD
2017-2020 BMW 330i xDrive AWD2018-2020 BMW 540d xDrive AWD2018-2020 BMW X3 xDrive30i AWD
2019-2020 BMW M340i xDrive AWD2018-2020 BMW M550i xDrive AWD2018-2020 BMW X3 M40i AWD
2014-2016 BMW 428i xDrive AWD2012-2019 BMW 650i xDrive AWD2020 BMW X3 xDrive30e AWD
2014-2016 BMW 435i xDrive AWD2014-2019 BMW 640i xDrive AWD2015-2019 BMW X4 xDrive28i AWD
2017-2020 BMW 430i xDrive AWD2010-201 BMW 750i xDrive AWD2015-2016 BMW X4 xDrive35i AWD
2017-2020 BMW 440i xDrive AWD2010-201 BMW 750i xDrive AWD2016-2020 BMW X4 M40i AWD
2015-2016 BMW 228i xDrive AWD2013-2015 BMW 740Li xDrive AWD2020 BMW X4 xDrive30i AWD
2015-2016 BMW M235i xDrive AWD2015 BMW 740Ld xDrive AWD2000-2013 BMW X5 AWD
2017-2020 BMW 230i xDrive AWD2017-2020 BMW 740i xDrive AWD2014-2020 BMW X5 xDrive AWD
2017-2020 BMW M240i xDrive AWD2017-2019 BMW 740e iPerformance xDrive AWD2008-2014 BMW X6 AWD
2006-2008 BMW 525xi AWD2017-2020 BMW M760i xDrive AWD2015-2020 BMW X6 xDrive AWD
2006-2007 BMW 530xi AWD2020 BMW 745e iPerformance xDrive AWD2019-2020 BMW X7 xDrive AWD
2008 BMW 535xi AWD2020 BMW 750Li xDrive AWD2018-2020 BMW M5
2009-2010 BMW 528i xDrive AWD2019-2020 BMW M850i xDrive AWD2020 BMW M8

Mercedes-Benz 4MATIC Models

2003-2005 Mercedes-Benz C 240 4MATIC AWD2015 Mercedes-Benz E AMG 63 4MATIC AWD2010-2013 Mercedes-Benz R 350 BlueTEC 4MATIC AWD
2003-2005 Mercedes-Benz C 320 4MATIC AWD2017-2019 Mercedes-Benz E 300 4MATIC AWD2014-2020 Mercedes-benz CLA 250 4MATIC AWD
2006-2007 Mercedes-Benz C 280 4MATIC AWD2017-2018 Mercedes-Benz E AMG 43 4MATIC AWD2019-2020 Mercedes-Benz CLA AMG 45 4MATIC AWD
2006-2007 Mercedes-Benz C 350 4MATIC AWD2018-201 Mercedes-Benz E AMG 63 S 4MATIC AWD2020 Mercedes-Benz CLA AMG 35 4MATIC AWD
2008-200 Mercedes-Benz C 300 4MATIC AWD2019-2020 Mercedes-Benz E 450 4MATIC AWD2012-2018 Mercedes-Benz CLS 550 4MATIC AWD
2012-2015 Mercedes-Benz C 350 4MATIC AWD2019-2020 Mercedes-Benz E AMG 53 4MATIC AWD2015-2017 Mercedes-Benz CLS 400 4MATIC AWD
2015-201 Mercedes-Benz C 400 4MATIC AWD2020 Mercedes-Benz E 350 4MATIC AMG AWD2018 Mercedes-Benz CLS AMG 63 S 4MATIC AWD
2016 Mercedes-Benz C 300d 4MATIC AWD2003-2006 Mercedes-Benz S 430 4MATIC AWD2019-2020 Mercedes-Benz CLS 450 4MATIC AWD
2018-2020 Mercedes Benz C AMG 43 4MATIC Cabriolet AWD2003-2006 Mercedes-Benz S 500 4MATIC AWD2019-2020 Mercedes-Benz CLS AMG 53 S 4MATIC AWD
2019-2020 Mercedes-Benz C AMG 43 4MATIC AWD2007-2017 Mercedes-Benz S 550 4MATIC AWD2009-2014 Mercedes-Benz CL 550 4MATIC AWD
2020 Mercedes-Benz C AMG 63 S 4MATIC AWD2012-2013 Mercedes-Benz S 350 4MATIC BlueTEC AWD2019-2020 Mercedes-Benz A 220 4MATIC AWD
2020 Mercdes-Benz C 350e 4MATIC AWD2017-2020 Mercedes-Benz Maybach S 560 4MATIC AWD2020 Mercedes-Benz A 250 4MATIC AWD
1998-2005 Mercedes-Benz E 320 4MATIC AWD2018-2020 Mercedes-Benz S 450 4MATIC AWD2020 Mercedes-Benz A AMG 35 4MATIC AWD
2000-2002 Mercedes-Benz E 430 4MATIC AWD2018-2020 Mercedes-Benz S 560 4MATIC AWD2015-201 Mercedes-Benz GLA 250 4MATIC
2004-2006 Mercedes-Benz E 500 4MATIC AWD2018-2020 Mercedes-Benz S AMG 63 4MATIC AWD2015-2018 Mercedes-Benz GLA AMG 45 AWD
2006-2016 Mercedes-Benz E 350 4MATIC AWD1998-2015 Mercedes-Benz ML 4MATIC AWD2019-2020 Mercedes-Benx GLA AMG 45 4MATIC AWD
2007-2014 Mercedes-Benz E 550 4MATIC AWD2006-2013 Mercedes-Benz R 350 4MATIC AWD2016-2020 Mercedes-Benz GLC 4MATIC AWD
2014-2016 Mercedes-Benz E 250 BlueTEC 4MATIC AWD2006-2007 Mercedes-Benz R 500 4MATIC AWD2016-2020 Mercedes-Benz GLE 4MATIC AWD
2015-2018 Mercedes-Benz E 400 4MATIC AWD2007-2009 Mercedes-Benz R 320 CDI 4MATIC AWD2010-2015 Mercedes-Benz GLK 4MATIC AWD

Watch: How To Perform a PROPER Haldex Service

Watch: Audi Drivetrain

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